South Yorkshire Police said the youngster was involved in a collision with a car on Melton Road, Sprotbrough, at 8.30am today.
The collision occurred close to Richmond Hill Primary Academy.
The injured boy was taken to hospital with a suspected broken leg.
South Yorkshire Police said: “Police were called around 8.30am this morning to an accident on Melton Road, Sprotbrough.
“A 10-year-old boy was on his scooter and is believed to have gone into the path of a vehicle on the road.
“He has injuries to his leg, which is believed to be broken.
“A statement has been given by the driver of the vehicle. There is no further action at this time.”